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The government ministries are the highest order in terms of development and ruling of certain sectors of Singapore. Under every ministry, there are other governmental units, statutory boards, departments as well as agencies, all of which have their own set of roles and responsibilities usually catered for a specific sector or area.
This Ministry of Education or MOE is responsible for the development of Singapore’s education system whether it is the curriculum, the standards and other related areas. Among the agencies that function under the MOE includes:
Meanwhile, MOE sits on several boards of major institutes of learning in Singapore which includes:
What makes the MSF or Ministry of Social and Family Development so crucial is that this ministry oversees the initiatives of the government to improve the social wellbeing of the people. Its role include maintaining communications and international relations, development of the elderly and family communities, human resources, strategic policy and research and in sports too. Among the boards that the MSF sits in include the:
MINDEF or Ministry of Defence oversees all the initiatives and bodies that ensure the safety of Singapore both internally and externally. The army and defence groups are all under the purview of this ministry. As such, the Defence Management Group and the Defence Finance Organization is under this ministry. Besides that MINDEF’s responsibilities cover:
The PMO or Prime Minister’s Office is a prominent government body which has jurisdiction over matters that do not fall under any of the ministries. It oversees very specific roles and issues of the county which will be managed under the Prime Minister’s team. This department carries out very important tasks under the likes of:
Besides that, the PMO is the office that manages the Monetary Authority of Singapore, the Cabinet of Singapore, the AGC of Attorney-General’s Chambers, the AGO or Auditor-General’s Chambers and the Singapore Civil Service College.
Responsible for issues including water resources, efforts in conservation and preservation is the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources or MEWR. Its role includes maintaining international relations, planning and strategic policy making within its divisions like the Corporate Development, Facilities and Operations Management and the 3P Network respectively. Besides that, MEWR sits in crucial bodies like the Public Utilities Board and the National Environment Agency, to name a few.
The name Ministry of Home Affairs is as true as what it is. This ministry manages all the affairs within Singapore. Issues that are pertinent to the harmony of Singapore falls under the MHA. As such, it will manage statutory boards like the National Fire Prevention Council, the Presidential Council for Religious Harmony, the National Crime Prevention Council and the National Council Against Drug Abuse. On top of that, other organizations like the Singapore Prison Service, the Singapore Police Force, the Singapore Civil Defence Force, the Central Narcotics Bureau, the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority and the Internal Security Department comes under the purview of this ministry as well.
While MHA handles internal issues, the MFA or Ministry of Foreign Affairs handles external issues. Its job is to ensure the ties with external parties are taken care of via its various Directorates in various countries and continents across the world.
MOF or Ministry of Finance is very much the finance department of Singapore. It ensures that the finances are balanced which are handled by various units. This includes:
MOH or the Ministry of Health is responsible to ensure this sector follows the regulations and legal framework for a healthy Singapore. It plays a crucial role in ensuring that health products and policies are up to standards and are of the best quality. As such, MOH sits in very prominent units including the Singapore Pharmacy Board (SPB), the Specialists Accreditation Board as well as in other health-related organizations. This includes the TCM Practitioners Board, the Singapore Health Services, the National Dental Centre, the Health Promotion Board, the National Healthcare Group, the National Heart Centre, the National Neuroscience Institute, the National University Hospital, the Singapore General Hospital, Health Sciences Authority, and the National Cancer Centre.
The MOM or Ministry of Manpower is the Human Resources authority in the Singaporean government. It manages all the issues and policies pertaining to these areas. Units and bodies that come under the purview of MOM includes:
This is the governmental body which deals with the legislation of Singapore. It handles all issues of this nature where it sits in boards like the Insolvency and Public Trustee’s Office, the Legal Aid Bureau, the Registry of Moneylenders and Pawnbrokers, the Singapore Academy of Law, the Appeals Board for Land Acquisition, the Copyright Tribunal and the Community Mediation Unit.