Heavenly Chocolate

Canelé Pâtisserie Chocolaterie officially opened on 22nd September 2004 at Robertson Walk, serving a wide selection of freshly baked bread, pastries and chocolates. This baby sister of the Les Amis Group is helmed by Executive Pastry Chef, Pang Kok Keong who confesses to having an extremely sweet tooth himself. Inspired by Master Chef Francisco Torreblanca [...]

Petrol Prices in Singapore

It was way back in July 2005 that a group of friends came together to create PetrolWatch. It was hard to keep track of fuel prices back then, with different brands (as well as stations) offering different prices. Motorists would scamper around Singapore just so that they could enjoy special discounts at selected stations, sometimes [...]

Singapore Youth Olympic Games & Venues


The city and island state of Singapore has recently won the right to host the first Summer Youth Olympic Games to be held in 2010.

In an announcement by the International Olympic Committee Chairman, Singapore was voted by the Committee as the most attractive location to host the inaugural games.

Singapore boasts a sterling track record for organizing and hosting very large events on a global level, and has strong experience and capabilities to manage the first Youth Olympic Games and ensure that it is a success.

Singapore’s bid was strengthened by the fact of:

Several well maintained sporting facilities
A world-class transport network
Adequate and comfortable accommodation
A wide variety of leisure, arts and cultural facilities and activities
A very safe environment for youth
Excellent connectivity with the rest of the world

Singapore is also a very young nation, founded only in 1965, and has always been a melting pot for the South East Asia region where a variety of cultures, languages and backgrounds live, work and play together.

However, most importantly, it was the passion and commitment of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games bid team and the strong support of Singaporeans from all walks of life that swayed the vote towards the city state.

World Class Sports Venue

A total of 19 competition venues and 7 training venues are expected to be used to stage the Singapore Youth Olympic Games in 2010.

Competition venues are largely scattered across Singapore at existing community sport facilities, and a number of new sport facilities will also be purpose-built for the games.

Given the relatively small size of Singapore island, all competition venues will be within a 30 minute shuttle bus ride from the Youth Olympic Village.

Most training venues will be located at the sports facilities of the National University Singapore. Sports facilities in the National University of Singapore are mostly within walking distance from the Youth Olympic Village, giving athletes the added advantage of convenience.

To accomodate the expected number of athletes and their training needs, additional training facilities at 5 other Singapore schools will also be used, and will be a short 10 to 15 minute shuttle ride from the Youth Olympic Village.

Competition And Training Venues

The potential of the Youth Olympic Games to unify the nation, and also reinforce Singapore’s presence on the world sporting map has captured the hearts and minds of many Singaporeans.

Many companies have also stepped forward to pledge their support for both the bid process as well as the successful organization of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010. Here is a list of the 700+ companies that have publicily stepped forward to lend their support.

A total of 19 competition venues and 7 training venues are expected to be used to stage the Singapore Youth Olympic Games in 2010.

Competition venues are largely scattered across Singapore at existing community sport facilities, and a number of new sport facilities will also be purpose-built for the games.

Given the relatively small size of Singapore island, all competition venues will be within a 30 minute shuttle bus ride from the Youth Olympic Village.

Most training venues will be located at the sports facilities of the National University Singapore. Sports facilities in the National University of Singapore are mostly within walking distance from the Youth Olympic Village, giving athletes the added advantage of convenience.

To accommodate the expected number of athletes and their training needs, additional training facilities at 5 other Singapore schools will also be used, and will be a short 10 to 15 minute shuttle ride from the Youth Olympic Village.

Bishan Stadium

Bishan Stadium is part of the Bishan Sports Complex, which also includes the Bishan Sports Hall. It is the proposed venue for Athletics competition events as well as the finals of the football competition of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

The stadium has a permanent seating capacity of 3,000, and 7,000 more temporary seats will be added for the Youth Olympic Games. The warm-up venue for athletes will be at a local public school called the Catholic High School, a short 700m shuttle ride or 10 minute walk away from the stadium.

Bishan Stadium has been the headquarters of Home United Football Club – a participant in the Singapore’s professional football league. From 2004 to 2006, Bishan Stadium was used as the venue for Home United’s home matches in the Asian Football Confederation Cup tournament.

The stadium has also been used for a number of international football matches involving the Singapore national team, such as the ‘A’ international match between Singapore and the Philippines in March 2002.

In September 2006, Bishan Stadium was used as 1 of 2 venues for the Asian Football Confederation U-17 championship, also hosted by Singapore. The Australian national football team has also used the stadium before as its training base before the Asian Cup in June 2007.

Bishan Stadium is about 20 minutes traveling time from the Youth Olympic Village. It is conveniently located within walking from the Bishan MRT train station and the Bishan public bus interchange. Besides several convenience stores in the neighboring residential areas, there is also a large suburban shopping mall, Junction 8, situated nearby which provides a wide variety of shopping, dining, leisure and entertainment amenities.

Bishan Sports Hall

Bishan Sports Hall is part of the Bishan Sports Complex. It is located next to the Bishan Stadium and is the proposed venue for the Gymnastics competition events of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

Bishan Sports Hall has been the de facto venue for the Singapore Open Gymnastics Championships for a number of years. The Pesta Sukan Gymnastics Championship was also held at this venue in 2004 and Bishan Sports Hall has hosted the ASEAN Schools Artistic and Rhythmic Championships in 2003.

Bishan Sports Hall is the training venue for Singapore’s national gymnastics team, while schools, clubs and gymnastics coaches also use the hall for various youth development and training programs.

The permanent seating gallery in Bishan Sports Hall caters to 1,700 spectators, and an additional 300 temporary seating spaces will also be added to accomodate the larger crowds expected for the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

During the YOG, the warm-up halls for Gymnastics will be a three-minute shuttle ride away at two nearby local public schools, the Catholic High School and Raffles Institution. There are also potential alternate plans for a large, air-conditioned tent can be erected over the adjacent tennis courts as the warm-up area, but this has yet to be confirmed at time of writing.

The Bishan Sports Hall is about 20 minutes traveling time from the Youth Olympic Village, and is well connected to the public transportation network via the Bishan MRT train station, public bus interchange and taxis. A large and popular suburban shopping mall, Junction 8, is situated adjacent to the Sports Hall and will provide numerous shopping, dining, leisure and entertainment options for YOG participants and supporters.

Kallang Tennis Center

Kallang Tennis Center is the proposed venue for the Tennis competitions to be held during the Singapore Youth Olympic Games in 2010. It is part of the Kallang Sport Centre which also includes the Netball Center and the Cricket Field, and will also form part of the new, intergrated Singapore Sports Hub destination.

Kallang Tennis Centre has 14 tennis courts and is located just outside the central business district of Singapore. A 16 minute shuttle bus ride from the Youth Olympic Village, Kallang Tennis Center was built as a community sports facility in March 1978. Since then, it has grown from strength to strength to become a popular venue for tennis programs and competitions, including hosting the annual Singapore National Schools Tennis Competition.

As the focal point for competitive tennis in Singapore, the Kallang Tennis Center is also the training venue for the national team and national youth teams.

Other facilities at the Kallang Tennis Centre include a canteen, shower rooms and an office area which can easily be turned into a medical and physiotherapy room. Temporary seating stands for 2,000 will be erected around the main court (Court 14) for fans and the media during the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

Singapore Turf Club Riding School

The Singapore Turf Club Riding School is a brand new, international standard equestrian facility that is proposed as the venue for the Equestrian competition events for the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

Expected to be due for completion by end 2009, the new Riding School will occupy a 5–hectare site next to the Kranji Racecourse, the popular and only competitive horse racing facility in Singapore, where the annual Singapore Cup as well as weekly national horse racing events are held.

With its fully sheltered riding arena, the Singapore Turf Club Riding School is likely to be an ideal venue for the Equestrian Jumping event. Hosting the event at a riding school and horse-racing facility allows participants and organizers to easily utilize existing stables, equine facilities and expertise on offer.

The Singapore Turf Club Riding School arena will also have a surrounding gallery for 1,500 spectators, which will help create a sizeable and exciting crowd environment during competition day. With ample amenities such as car park space on site and a nearby MRT train station (Kranji) for public transport connectivity, the facility is well placed to host international standard equestrian events.

Situated in the North Western district of Singapore, the Singapore Turf Club Riding School will be around 20 minutes traveling time from the Youth Olympic Village by shuttle bus.

Kallang Cricket Field

Don’t let the name mislead you, but the Kallang Cricket Field has been proposed as the venue for the Archery competition events of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010. It is part of the Kallang Sports Center together with the Tennis Center and Netball Center.

There is strong interest in Archery as a competitive sport in Singapore, and there are more than adequate professional archery equipment, supplies and support staff available to ensure that facilities set up at the Kallang Cricket Field to host the Archery competition event is staged to world standards.

The archery event here will also be clustered together with Tennis and Street Basketball at the adjacent Tennis Center and Netball Center respectively, offering athletes and supporters the opportunity to soak in the excitement of a variety of competitive sporting events in a 1 stop location.

International Convention Center

The International Convention Center (ICC) is one of Singapore’s largest multi-purpose, indoor convention and exhibition facility in the heart of the business and financial district. The ICC is proposed as the competition venue for Fencing, Handball, Judo, Taekwondo, Boxing, and Indoor Wrestling events of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

The International Convention Centre is also conveniently located near the IOC Family hotels, of which the Ritz-Carlton Millenia Singapore is just a 10-minute walk away. Other hotels include the Swissotel, Marina Mandarin, Oriental Hotel, Conrad International, and the Pan Pacific Hotel, all connected via sheltered pedestrian walkways within 10 minutes of the ICC.

The ICC has hosted some of the world’s biggest meetings, exhibitions and conventions. The most prominent of which was the International Monetary Fund (IMF) World Bank Congress in 2006. The convention and exhibition halls comprise approximately 25,000 square meters and will provide a world class, indoor air conditioned facility for the proposed sporting events.

The ICC, also popularly known to be situated within the SUNTEC City shopping and commercial office development, is easily accessible by the MRT train service (City Hall, Millenia) and various public bus services. It is around 20 minutes by shuttle bus from the Youth Olympic Village.

Choa Chu Kang Stadium

The Choa Chu Kang Stadium, with its international standard football pitch and 4,000–spectator capacity, has been proposed along with Jurong West Stadium as the proposed venue for the preliminary rounds of the Football competition of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

The stadium was built in 2001 and is part of the Choa Chu Kang Sports Complex, a large and popular community sports facility which includes alongside the stadium, a swimming complex, gymnasium, four tennis courts, a street soccer area, and a multi-purpose sports hall. Choa Chu Kang Stadium is home to the Singapore Armed Forces Football Club (SAFFC), which participates in Singapore’s professional football league.

Choa Chu Kang Stadium has been used as the venue for the home leg of Asian Club Football Championships in 2002. The venue was also used when Singapore played the ‘A’ international friendly football match against the Philippines in early 2007.

When SAFFC participated in the Asian Football Confederation Cup 2007, the Choa Chu Kang Stadium hosted various football league teams from around the world, including India’s Mahendra United, Hong Kong’s Happy Valley, Jordan’s Al-Wihdat and New Radiant from the Maldives.

The Stadium was also the venue for the Asian Grand Prix Athletics Championships in 2005. It is also frequently used to host various Singapore Athletics events such as the annual Singapore National Schools’ Athletics Championships and the Singapore Open Athletics Championships.

Choa Chu Kang Stadium is a 20 minute shuttle bus ride from the Youth Olympic Village.

Jurong West Stadium

Jurong West Stadium, with its international standard football pitch and a capacity to host 3,200 spectators, will be one of the two proposed venues for the preliminary football competition matches of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

Jurong West Stadium is part of the Jurong West Sports Complex – a relatively large and popular community sports facility frequented by many who live in the surrounding residential areas. The integrated sports facility includes the stadium, a swimming complex, a multi-purpose sports hall, and 2 tennis courts.

The stadium is home to the Gombak United Football Club, one of the clubs competing in Singapore’s professional football league. Jurong West Stadium has been the venue for a number of international friendly matches, and has hosted national football teams from countries such the United Arab Emirates, North Korea, Oman, Saudi Arabia.

Located in the western part of Singapore, Jurong West Stadium is accessible via highway and is approximately 20 minutes away from the Youth Olympic Village by shuttle bus.

Jurong West Stadium is also situated across the road from the Pioneer MRT train station (expected to commence operations by end 2009). The Stadium is well served by public bus transport and the nearby Public Bus Interchange, Boon Lay.

Singapore Sports School

The Singapore Sports School is the proposed venue for four sports during the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010: SwimmingWeightliftingVolleyball and Modern Pentathlon.

The Singapore Sports School was founded in 2004 as Singapore’s only premier training institute that combined sports and education for promising, young athletes aspiring to a career in professional sports. Students between 13 and 17 years are admitted and the Singapore Sports School supports these students to pursue their sporting dreams while achieving a sound academic education.

Built as a greenfield project on a 7–hectare site and fully equipped with sports training, education, and residential facilities, the Singapore Sports School has been highly successful in developing Singapore’s young sporting talent. The impressive swimming complex within the Sports School has two Olympic–sized swimming pools, covered by a four-storey high shelter.

The Singapore Sports School has hosted the Asian Swimming Championships and the Singapore Open National Swimming Championships since 2006.

With 2,700 temporary seats installed, sufficient seating arrangements for a sizeable crowd will ensure an exciting swimming competition, as well as enhance the competitive swimming element of the Modern Pentathlon event during the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

The Auditorium and Badminton Hall of the Singapore Sports School will be used as venues for the Weightlifting and Volleyball competitions respectively, while the various components of Modern Pentathlon will make use of the swimming pool, auditorium and athletic field facilities within the school.

Although located in a relatively quiet North Western corner of Singapore, the sports school is only around 20 to 25 minutes away from the Youth Olympic Village by shuttle bus. In a way, the seclusion plays to the condusive environment for students to concentrate on their training needs and studies, and keep to the rigorous schedules of aspiring sport professionals.

Toa Payoh Sports Hall

Part of the Toa Payoh Sports Complex, which also includes the Toa Payoh Swimming Complex, the Toa Payoh Sports Hall is the proposed venue for both Table Tennis and Shooting competitions in the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

With a seating capacity of 2,000 spectators, the Toa Payoh Sports Hall has hosted a wide range of sports events. It was used as the venue for the Table-Tennis competition during the South East Asian Games in 1993. Other major Table-Tennis events hosted here include the Commonwealth Championships (2000), Women’s World Cup (2002), the Volkswagen Pro-Tour (2004, 2006), and the South East Asian Championships (2006).

In 2007, Toa Payoh Sports Hall also hosted the Five Nations Netball Tournament involving Singapore, Canada, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago and Northern Ireland.

Kallang Tennis Center

Kallang Tennis Center is the proposed venue for the Tennis competitions to be held during the Singapore Youth Olympic Games in 2010. It is part of the Kallang Sport Centre which also includes the Netball Center and the Cricket Field, and will also form part of the new, intergrated Singapore Sports Hub destination.

Kallang Tennis Centre has 14 tennis courts and is located just outside the central business district of Singapore. A 16 minute shuttle bus ride from the Youth Olympic Village, Kallang Tennis Center was built as a community sports facility in March 1978. Since then, it has grown from strength to strength to become a popular venue for tennis programs and competitions, including hosting the annual Singapore National Schools Tennis Competition.

As the focal point for competitive tennis in Singapore, the Kallang Tennis Center is also the training venue for the national team and national youth teams.

Other facilities at the Kallang Tennis Centre include a canteen, shower rooms and an office area which can easily be turned into a medical and physiotherapy room. Temporary seating stands for 2,000 will be erected around the main court (Court 14) for fans and the media.

Sentosa Siloso Beach

Sentosa Siloso Beach is the proposed venue for the Beach Volleyball and Beach Wrestling competition events of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games in 2010. The beach is situated on the resort island of Sentosa, just off the Southern coast of Singapore and a bridge connects the island by car, bus and light rail train services to the mainland.

At around 13 minutes travelling time from the Youth Olympic Village, it is hard to imagine that there would be such a nice island resort in such close proximity to the city centre.

The Sentosa Siloso Beach hosted the Swatch-FIVB Beach volleyball championships in May 2007, the first time Singapore hosted an event from the Beach Volleyball World Tour. Athletes
from all over the world competed to qualify for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games and US$ 200,000 in prize money. The tournament attracted hundreds of fans to the island on a daily basis.

Sentosa Siloso Beach is home to Singapore’s beach sports enthusiasts, who gather here most weekends to participate in casual and competitive games. When the sun sets, the sporty atmosphere gives way to a relaxing and romantic dining and entertainment ambience with its al fresco restaurants, cafes and lounges.

East Coast Park

East Coast Park, less than 1km away from the National Sailing Center, has been proposed as the competition venue for the Triathlon event of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

The East Coast Park is Singapore’s largest and most popular public beach and park facility. This area offers a wide range of facilities, including dining, recreation, entertainment and sport, and caters to all age groups from young to old. Every morning, evening and weekend, East Coast Park attracts hundreds of people to its large open spaces, lagoons, fitness areas, and barbecue pits.

The 7.5km long beach integartes a variety of watersports, recreation and food and beverage outlets. A variety of sports can be enjoyed at the park, including cable wakeboarding, sailing and windsurfing. Fishing and open sea swimming are also popular leisure activities that take place at the park.

With a 12 km cycling, roller blading and jogging track built along the Eastern coastline of Singapore, East Coast Park also offers a distinct combination of lush greenery, open spaces and fresh air for both leisure and sport training and competitions.

East Coast Park has been the location for the OSIM Singapore Triathlon, an international Olympic distance triathlon event that has grown steadily from 500 participants in 2002 to 3,800 participants in 2007. Participants swim in the surrounding open sea, then transit seamlessly to the tropical greenery of the East Coast Park road for the cycle and run segements of the triathlon.

Marina Reservoir

With the recent completion of the Marina Barrage, the newly created Marina Reservoir will be a choice venue for a wide range of international standard water sporting activities, including hosting the Canoeing and Rowing competition events for the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

The Marina Reservior area will include a sheltered, 1km straight race-course earmarked for Canoeing and Rowing activities. The on-land activites will be staged along a portion of Gardens by the Bay – a new 32-hectare public park facility next to Marina Reservoir.

With an extensive water frontage along the Marina Reservoir, the Gardens will provide an excellent vantage point for spectators and media coverage. A covered seating gallery for approximately 1,100 spectators will also be constructed so that fans will have a spectacular, clear view of the live competition action along the channel.

The proposed facilities to be made available on site at the Marina Reservoir for the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010 includes a boat-storage shed for up to 200 boats, a boat-washing area, toilet and shower facilities, and a doping-control station. The Marina Reservoir is situated about 20 minutes by shuttle bus from the Youth Olympic Village.

National Sailing Center

The proposed venue for the Sailing competition events of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010 is the National Sailing Centre located on the South Eastern coast of Singapore, near Changi International Airport, and towards the tail end of the East Coast Park leisure and recreation strip that spans most of the South Eastern and Eastern coastline of Singapore.

Covering an area of around 2.4-hectares, the National Sailing Center was built at a cost of around US$ 5.4 million, and is dedicated solely to the promotion and excellence of sailing as a leisure and competitive sport. Its facilities include a large berthing area for boats, an administration block, a multi-purpose sports hall, a cafeteria, a dormitory and an auditorium.

The National Sailing Center is the primary training ground of Singapore’s national sailors who made their mark during the 2006 Asian Games in Doha, where Singapore gained recognition as Asia’s top sailing nation. The sailors in the 470–class have also earned a place to compete internationally in the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.

The center has always been a choice location for regional and international sailing competitions. It is an ideal location for sailing competitions as its strategic position makes full use of the South West and North East winds for year-round sailing. The average daytime wind direction in the area is 165 degrees, and average daytime wind strength is around 10 knots (18.5 km/h).

The National Sailing Center has hosted many international and regional events. These include the World Byte Championships (2003), the World Hobie Tiger (2005), the Asean Optimist Championship (2006), the Asia Pacific Laser Championships (2006) and the Asian Optimist Championships (2007).

The center is less than 30 minutes traveling time from the Youth Olympic Village, from which it is connected directly by a highway.

National Hockey Center

The current home and headquarters of the Singapore Hockey Federation, the National Hockey Center is the proposed venue for the Hockey competition events of the Singapore Youth Olympic Games 2010.

The Singapore Hockey Federation uses the facility for its national and youth development hockey squad training. One of the earliest uses of the National Hockey Center as a hockey competition venue was during the 1993 South East Asian Games. Since then, the facility has also been used extensively by the Singapore Hockey League.

Apart from the Singapore Hockey League, the National Hockey Center has played host to the first Women’s Asian Hockey Federation Cup (1997), the Under-16 Asian Hockey Federation Cup (2000). The Singapore International Hockey Challenge (2007) was also staged in the facility, and featured national men’s and women’s hockey teams from India, Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan and Singapore.

The National Hockey Center is situated around 20 minutes away by shuttle bus from the Youth Olympic Village and most IOC Family hotels. It is well connected to the public transportation network, and is walking distance from the Redhill MRT train station and public bus stops.

Fast Facts For First Time Visitors To Singapore

Population: Around 4 million

Currency: 1 Singapore dollar (SGD) = 100 cents

Opening hours: Most shops in the city are open from 10am until 8pm or 9pm every day of the week.

Tourism Website: Visit Singapore

Emergency numbers: Police 999, Emergency/Ambulance/Fire Brigade 995

Singapore Visitors Centre (Tourism information) locations:

Singapore Visitors Centre at Liang Court
177 River Valley Road,
Level 1, Liang Court Shopping Centre
Tel: + 65 6336 7184
Open daily 10am-10pm

Singapore Visitors Centre at Orchard
Cairnhill Road / Orchard Road Crossing
Open daily 8am-10.30pm

Singapore Visitors Centre at the Airport
Changi International Airport Arrivals Hall
Terminal 1 and 2


Singapore Youth Olympics Game Sponsors

  1. @Life
  2. 10AM Communications
  3. 1A Crispy Puffs
  4. 1st BASE
  5. 3P Fengshui Consultancy
  6. 3-sixty brand communications
  7. 77th Street
  9. Acclaim Insurance Brokers
  10. AceCom Technologies
  11. ACP Computer Training & Consultancy
  12. Action City
  13. Active Intelligence Consultancy
  14. Active Rights Management (Asia)
  15. AcumentTM Global Technologies
  16. AdTag Services
  17. Advanced Integrated Manufacturing Corporation
  18. Advantech Peripherals
  19. AdWOW!
  20. Agrocorp International
  21. Air Market Express
  22. Aircraft Interiors
  23. Airjet Auto-Care
  24. Airjet Automotive
  25. AISHOP
  26. AK Diseno
  27. Alcatel-Lucent
  28. Alexandra Hospital
  29. All Nippon Airways
  30. Altantic Sports, Converse
  31. Amara Holdings
  32. American Express International
  33. Amsbach Marine
  34. AOL
  35. Apex-Pal International
  36. Appetite Media
  37. Applicam Industries
  38. Applied Materials South East Asia
  39. APS Lifestyle Marketing
  40. Aqua-Terra
  41. ArupSport
  42. Asia Football Group
  43. Asia Innovatory Management School
  44. Asia Pacific Breweries
  45. Asia Pacific School of Sports & Business
  46. Asia Polyurethane Mfg
  47. AsiaTeck Industrial Supplier
  48. Asiawide Franchise
  49. Association of Independent Television Production Companies
  50. Association of Machinima Arts and Sciences (AMAS)
  51. Association of Small and Medium Enterprises
  52. ASTI Holdings
  53. Astralink
  54. Astralpool Singapore
  55. Astro Express Logistics
  56. AT&T; Business, Singapore
  57. atea Environmental Technology
  58. Atlantic Oil Mfg
  59. Atlas Sound & Vision
  60. Atos Origin
  61. Attitude Investments
  62. Audi Singapore
  63. Autoacc Trading
  64. Automobile Association of Singapore
  65. Avis Car Rental
  66. Avi-Tech Electronics (S)
  67. AVS Technologies
  68. Axioo International
  69. AXS InfoComm
  70. Aztech Systems
  71. Bain & Company
  72. Bammfitness
  73. Ban Leong Technologies
  74. Bang Public Relations
  75. Bath Culture
  76. Bathworld
  77. BBS Access
  78. BBS Electronics
  79. BBS Telecommunications
  80. BDO Raffles
  81. BE Interactive
  82. BEA Systems Singapore
  83. Beard Papa (S)
  84. Beaumont Publishing
  85. BeiJing Kenetics Innovations
  86. Berwin Leighton Paisner LLP
  87. Best World International
  88. Beyond Xtreme
  89. BIG Communications
  90. BIG Interactive
  91. Billy Bombers American Diner
  92. Biosphere Capital
  93. BizTrading Group
  94. BLC Solutions
  95. Blue Coat Systems
  96. Bodenheim Investments
  97. Bond International Consultants
  98. Borneo Motors (S)
  99. Boutique Fund
  100. Brady Corporation Asia
  101. BrainWave Brand Development & Communications
  102. Brite Koncept
  103. Brocade Communications Singapore
  104. Bulk Trade
  105. Burson-Marstellar (SEA)
  106. Business Objects Asia Pacific
  107. BuzzCity
  108. C. Melchers GmbH & Co
  109. CAAS
  110. CAC Management Consultants International
  111. Caffeine Media
  112. Cairnhill Group Holdings
  113. Calne
  114. Cambridge Hostel Management
  115. Cambridge Industrial Property Management
  116. Canon
  117. CapitaLand Retail
  118. Car Times Automobile
  119. Carlson Wagonlit Travel
  120. Caryl Lynch
  121. Cel Tractors
  122. Center for Creative Leadership
  123. Central Engineering
  124. CentraLand Limited
  125. Champions Golf Academy
  126. Changi Airport Singapore
  127. Changi General Hospital
  128. Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing
  129. Chec
  130. CHEETAH MegaBite
  131. Cherie Hearts International
  132. Chesney Real Estate Group
  133. Chesterton International Property Consultants
  134. Chevron Singapore
  135. Chong Sing
  136. Chuen Cheong Food Industries
  137. Cisco Systems
  138. Citigate Dewe Rogerson i.Mage
  139. City Developments
  140. CityCare
  141. Clarins
  142. Code Branding & Design
  143. COMAT Training Services
  144. ComfortDelGro
  145. Communication Concepts
  146. ComnetSolutions
  147. Company Ford Supply & Services
  148. Connor Manufacturing Services (Asia)
  149. Contiki Holidays
  150. CONTRA Integrated Creative Services
  151. Coop
  152. CopperRED
  153. Core Concepts
  154. Corporate Alliance
  155. Corporate Travel Services
  156. CozyCot Inc
  157. CP Wines
  158. CPG Facilities Management
  159. CPG Productions
  160. Crescendas
  161. CRUSH Advertising
  162. Crystal Computer Graphics
  163. CTLS Global
  164. Curiosity
  165. CYC The Custom Shop
  166. D’ Mianes
  167. d’0z International
  168. Daikin Asia Servicing
  169. Dane Court
  170. d’Art Studio
  171. Dashmesh Singapore
  172. Datacraft Asia
  173. DCI Consultants
  174. De Floral Gallery
  175. Del Monte Pacific
  176. DHL Express (Singapore)
  177. Digibyte Technologies
  178. digiNEXX
  179. Digital Image Studio
  180. Digital Microsystems
  181. Dragages Singapore
  182. Dragon Phoenix Restaurant
  183. Dream Axis
  184. Drinkdings
  185. Driven Productions
  186. DSO National Laboratories
  187. Dun & Bradstreet (Singapore)
  188. Dzign Studio
  189. E R International School
  190. E.ream Sports
  191. E.S.T. Online Biz
  192. eAngelz
  193. Eastern Navigation
  194. East-West Gateway
  195. EFG Bank
  196. Eggstory Creative Production
  197. Eleven Print
  198. Ellipsiz
  199. Eltron Interconnection System
  200. EMC Corporation
  201. Emerio
  202. Emirates
  203. Energie EyeCare
  204. Eng Bee Paper Merchant
  205. Eng Wah Organization
  206. Enterprise Sports Group
  207. Environcorp Consulting Services
  208. Epson Singapore Pte
  209. EPT Solutions
  210. ERC Holdings
  211. Ernst & Young
  212. Esco Micro
  213. Eu Yan Sang International
  214. Eucalyptus Day Spa & Training Academy
  215. Eurokars Group of Companies
  216. Evergreen Global
  217. Evershine Traders Corporation
  218. Ewing Communications
  219. Expressions International
  220. EYE
  221. F J Benjamin
  222. F1 Recreation
  223. Far East Organization
  224. Farmart Centre
  225. Fast-Del Enterprises
  226. Federal Packaging Industries
  227. Financial Alliance Private Limited
  228. FirstLeap Solutions
  229. Fitrex
  230. Flakecoat Technology
  231. Flame Tree Communications
  232. Flight Experience
  233. Forbe Enterprises
  234. Foreign Policy Design Group
  235. FPA Financial
  236. Fragrance Hotel Management
  237. Franklin Templeton Investments
  238. Frasers Centrepoint
  239. Freely
  240. Freight Links Express Holdings
  241. Fuji Ice Palace
  242. Fuji Xerox Singapore
  243. Fulford Public Relations Consultancy
  244. Fullerton Fund Management
  245. Furama Hotels International
  246. Futurelinks International
  247. Gardenasia
  248. Gardenia Foods
  249. Genovate
  250. Genting International (S)
  251. GFA (Singapore)
  252. Global Entrepreneurs Network Organization
  253. Global Offshore Supply & Engineering
  254. Global Sports Network
  255. Global Testing Corporation
  256. Global Travel & Scenic Travel
  257. GMP Group
  258. GoFlyKite.com
  259. Gold Matrix Resources
  260. Golden Factors
  261. Goodrich Global
  262. Goodrow
  263. Gosh Advertising
  264. Great Eastern Holdings
  265. Green City Project
  266. Green Dot Internet Services
  267. Greenwich Management Consultancy
  268. Gres
  269. Grid Communications
  270. Griffin Asset Group
  271. GSK Global
  272. GST Academy
  273. Guardian Wealth Management Consultant
  274. GYC Financial Advisory
  275. Half-x (translation & editing)
  276. Han Technology
  277. Happy Drawing
  278. Harry Elias Partnership
  279. Harry’s International
  280. Hasidon Holdings
  281. Haw Par Corporation
  282. HB Media Holdings
  283. HB Properties International
  284. HB Venture Capital
  285. HBO Investments
  286. HBS Investments
  287. Healthe International
  288. Heritage Tour
  289. Hewitt Associates
  290. Hewlett Packard Singapore
  291. Hilda Loe Associates
  292. Hin Lung Credit
  293. Hitachi Asia
  294. HIVelocity
  295. Ho Bee (Eastwood Park)
  296. Ho Bee (Pasir Ris)
  297. Ho Bee (Sentosa)
  298. Ho Bee Capital
  299. Ho Bee Cove
  300. Ho Bee Developments
  301. Ho Bee Holdings
  302. Ho Bee Homes
  303. Ho Bee Investment
  304. Ho Bee Realty
  305. Honeywell
  306. Hong How Group of Companies
  307. Hong Leong Asia
  308. Hong Leong Finance
  309. Hong Leong Group
  310. Hong Leong Holdings
  311. Honor Games International
  312. HSBC
  313. HSR International Realtors
  314. Huntington Communications
  315. Hussmann Tempcool
  316. Hyflux
  317. I Search Worldwide Group
  318. IBM Singapore
  319. ICE3
  320. icecream! communications
  321. ICH-Capital
  322. Ims Solutions
  323. Index-Cool Furniture Design & Construction
  324. Informatica Corporation
  325. Info-wire Consultancy
  326. ING Bank
  327. Ingram Micro
  328. Initium Services
  329. Innovative eDge
  330. Insight Adjusters Group
  331. Institute of Technical Education (ITE)
  332. Intense Animation Studio
  333. interTouch
  334. Intraco
  335. [email protected] (Singapore Chinese Chamber Institute of Business)
  336. IOCS Asia
  337. iWorldServices
  338. JAF Consulting
  339. Jardine Matheson
  340. Jason Electronics
  341. Jay Gee Melwani Group of Companies
  342. Jewels Collection
  343. JG Nino
  344. JGT.SG
  345. Jim & Hall’s
  346. J-Lite
  347. John Laing Investments
  348. Joven Electric
  349. JPL Corporation
  350. Jurong Autoblast Services
  351. Jurong Integrated Services
  352. Jurong Shipyard
  353. Jurong SML
  354. K H Teh Consulting
  355. K&C; Protective Technologies
  356. Kaiiten Communications
  357. Katong Hostel
  358. Kelly Services
  359. Kenetics Group
  360. Kenetics Innovations
  361. Kepner Tregoe Asia
  362. Keytech Investment
  363. KH Security Agency
  364. KhattarWong
  365. Kian Guan Industries
  366. Kiln Marine Singapore
  367. Kim Ann Engineering
  368. Kimann Investment
  369. Knight Frank
  370. Koufu
  371. KPMG
  372. Lamarstone
  373. LantopCorp
  374. Lau Sun Lighterage Co
  375. Le Fresh
  376. Leadership Development Centre
  377. Legion Holdings
  378. Lemlabs
  379. Lenovo
  380. Lerk Thai Restaurant
  381. Les Amis Group
  382. Les Gallery, My Kind Of Place (mkop)
  383. Leung Kai Fook Medical
  384. Lian Huat Group
  385. Lifewire.com.sg
  386. LimousineCab.com
  387. Lin Ho
  388. Linkers (Far East)
  389. Live Your Dreams
  390. Lloyd Fonds Singapore
  391. Loh Eben Ong & Partners
  392. Lorenzo International
  393. LushSpa
  394. Luzhou Bio-Chem Technology
  395. M2B Game World
  396. MA Lighting
  397. Macquarie
  398. Macshop
  399. Majapahit
  400. Management Consultant
  401. Management Development Institute of Singapore
  402. Manchester Business School Worldwide
  403. Manulife (Singapore)
  404. Manzaro
  405. Marina Mandarin Singapore
  406. MarinaBaySands
  407. Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
  408. MarketSpace
  409. Matex International
  410. Maxxium Singapore Fine Wines & Spirits
  411. Maybank Singapore
  412. MCCM Media
  413. McDonald’s Singapore
  414. Mcgraw Hill Companies
  415. Media Associated Displays
  416. MediaCorp TV Singapore
  417. Megacorp Group
  418. Megatech Information Systems
  419. Memtech Internatonal
  420. Mercer (Singapore)
  421. Merck Sharpe & Dohme
  422. Meritus Mandarin Singapore
  423. Metro Parking (S)
  424. Meyer International Marketing
  425. MGarage
  426. Michelin Asia Pacific
  427. MicroLumens
  428. Midas Holdings
  429. Milagros
  430. Mileage Communications
  431. Millennium & Copthorne International
  432. Mindtrac
  433. Ministry of Education, Education Programmes Division
  434. Ministry of Health
  435. Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts
  436. MMI Group
  437. Mobile & Wireless Group
  438. Modetti Office Services
  439. Morgan Glenwel
  440. MPT Motor Tradin
  441. MSIG Insurance (Singapore)
  442. muvee Technologies
  443. my exam papers
  444. MyCell Technologies
  445. Nanyang Instrument & Machinery
  446. Nanyang Polytechnic
  447. National Library Board
  448. National University of Singapore
  449. NBDA Asia
  450. NBS Consulting
  451. NetGain Systems
  452. NETS
  453. Network Courier
  454. Network Express Courier Services
  455. New Balance Singapore
  456. Newurbanmale.com
  457. Nexia TS Public Accounting Corporation
  458. Ngee Ann Polytechnic
  459. Nike Singapore
  460. Novel Club
  461. Novell Singapore
  462. NTUC Fairprice Cooperative
  463. Ogilvy & Mather Singapore
  464. OilPods
  465. OKP Holdings Limited
  466. Olam International
  467. Old Asia
  468. Old Chang Kee
  469. Ole Group
  470. Omni United (S)
  471. On Demand Contract & Services
  472. Ong First Tradition
  473. Oracle Corporation Singapore
  474. Orchid Information
  475. Orient Express Lines
  476. Origin Singapore
  477. Original Media
  478. Orkney Holdings
  479. Osim International
  480. Outdoor Venture
  481. Pace Forwarding
  482. Pacific Rover
  483. Pan Pacific Hotels and Resorts
  484. Parisilk Electronics and Computers
  485. Park Hotel Group
  486. Parkroyal Hotels & Resorts
  487. ParTech
  488. PASR Technologies
  489. Path Productions
  490. Pemberton Investments
  491. Pere Ocean
  492. Permasteelisa Singapore
  493. Perspectiv Technologies
  494. Petrojaya
  495. Philip Tang & Sons
  496. Philips Electronics
  497. PhillipCapital
  498. Pico Art International
  499. Pico Music
  500. Pidilite Innovation Centre
  501. Pimabs
  502. Pine Garden’s Cake
  503. Pinnacle (Sentosa)
  504. Pinnacle Acupuncture & Chinese Physician
  505. Pitney Bowes
  506. Plainegate Liquemetal
  507. PLAN-B ICAG
  508. Play Sports! School
  509. Poh Tiong Choon Logistics
  510. PolarisHub
  511. Powerbox Singapore
  512. PPL Shipyard
  513. Practice Consulting & ICT Projects Associates
  514. Precious Entertainment
  515. Prem Fashions
  516. PricewaterhouseCoopers
  517. Priority Consultants
  518. Professional Investment Advisory Services
  519. PropNex Realty
  520. Protocol Academy
  521. Providend
  522. Prudential Assurance Company Singapore
  523. PSA Singapore Terminals
  524. PTC Learning School International
  525. PurpleClick Media
  526. Qian Hu Corporation
  527. QM Sports (S)
  528. Rabobank International
  529. Raffles Campus
  530. Raffles Medical Group
  531. Rafflesian Clinic and Surgery
  532. RainForest Productions
  533. Rajah & Tann
  534. Ram Industries
  535. RCH International
  536. Red Hat Asia Pacific
  537. Red Sports
  538. Regency Steel Asia
  539. Rehoboth online
  540. Renewal Self-Development Centre
  541. Republic Polytechnic
  542. Rhodo Property & Estate Management Services
  543. Rice Fields
  544. Rights Xchange
  545. Robert Walters (S)
  546. Robust DataComm
  547. Rockeby Biomed
  548. Rodyk & Davidson
  549. Roi Strategy Consultants
  550. Ross Human Directions
  551. Rotary Club of Singapore
  552. Running Lab
  553. Russell Brand Communications
  554. SAGISS
  555. Samsung Asia
  556. SAP Asia Pacific Japan
  557. SAS International
  558. Satyam Computer Services
  559. Saucony 100PLUS PAssion Run 2008
  560. Savills (S)
  561. Saxo Capital Markets
  562. Scentuary
  563. Schott Singapore
  564. Schroder Investment Management
  565. Sciencescan
  566. Sciente International
  567. Seaquest Marine Systems
  568. Seaview (Sentosa)
  569. Secure Computing Singapore
  570. Securities Investors Association of Singapore
  571. Select Group
  572. Selectro Selections
  573. Sembawang Engineering & Constructors
  574. Sembawang Shipyard
  575. Sembcorp Industries
  576. Sembcorp Marine
  577. Serial System
  578. Shang Investment
  579. SHINES Education
  580. Shinsen Healthy Product
  581. Shiro Corporation
  582. Si Chua Dou Hua Restaurants
  583. Siang May
  584. Silk Road Solutions
  585. Silver Ribbon (Singapore)
  586. SIM
  587. Sincere Watch
  588. Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce & Industry
  589. Singapore Computer Systems
  590. Singapore Discovery Centre
  591. Singapore Embassy in Beijing
  592. Singapore Exhibition Services
  593. Singapore Food Industries
  594. Singapore Furniture Industries Council
  595. Singapore Hotel Association
  596. Singapore Indian Chamber of Commerce & Industry
  597. Singapore INLINE
  598. Singapore Institute of Purchasing and Materials Management
  599. Singapore International Chamber of Commerce
  600. Singapore Management University
  601. Singapore Media Press
  602. Singapore National Olympic Council
  603. Singapore Petroleum Company
  604. Singapore Polytechnic
  605. Singapore Power
  606. Singapore Recreation Club
  607. Singapore River Cruises & Leisure
  608. Singapore Sports Council
  609. Singapore Technologies Engineering
  610. Singapore Totalisator Board
  611. Singapore Turf Club
  612. Singaporean-German Chamber of Industry and Commerce
  613. SingTel
  614. Sino-America Tours Corporation
  615. Sinotron United
  616. Sirius Venture Consulting
  617. SISTIC.com
  618. Sitra Holdings
  619. SkateSports
  620. Sky Tower
  621. SkyQuestCom Global
  622. SMOE
  623. SMRT Corporation
  624. Social Innovation Park
  625. SoluNet Global
  626. Soon Lian Holdings
  627. Soon Wing Properties
  628. SOONSteel International
  629. SOSS Asia
  630. Sozo Perles
  631. SP Consulting
  632. Specialist Management Resources
  633. Spectaworks
  634. Speedy Advertising Enterprise
  635. Speedy Tech Electronics
  636. SPH Magazines
  637. Spinn
  638. Spire Research & Consulting
  639. SPORTFIVE Singapore
  640. Sri Warisan Som Said Performing Arts
  641. Ssangleong Bulkhandling
  642. ST Chan Clinic & Surgery for Women
  643. ST Electronics (Info-comm Systems)
  644. St Gregory Spa
  645. STA Travel
  646. Stamford Media International Group of Companies
  647. Standard and Poor’s
  648. Standard Chartered
  649. Starcom Resources
  650. STEE-InfoSoft
  651. Sterling Capital Partners
  652. Stewart Engineering Works
  653. Style Events Management
  654. Subway Singapore Development
  655. Sulzer Metco (Singapore)
  656. Summer Productions
  657. Sun Microsystems
  658. Sungard System Access
  659. Sunshine Residences Group
  660. Suntax International Corporation
  661. Suntec City Development
  662. Suntec Investment
  663. Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre
  664. Super Bean International
  665. Super Galvanising
  666. Super Satay
  667. Surbana Corporation
  668. Swee Hong Exim
  669. Synear Food Holdings
  670. Synergistic Real Estate Management & Networks
  671. Tan Chin Tuan Foundation
  672. Tan Tock Seng Hospital
  673. Tat Hong Holdings
  674. Tata Consultancy Services
  675. Tat’s IT Solutions
  676. Tay Choon Mong Agency
  677. TDK Singapore
  678. Team Building Asia
  679. Tecman
  680. Tecpro Systems
  681. TEE International
  682. Teleflex Morse
  683. Ten & Han Trading
  684. The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf
  685. The Esplanade Co
  686. The Event Company Staging Connections
  687. The Flame Centre
  688. The Learning Lab
  689. The Legends Fort Canning Park
  690. The North Face
  691. The Ritz-Carlton, Millenia Singapore
  692. The Yoga Cove
  693. The Youth Empire
  694. theVoice
  695. Thomson Medical Centre
  696. Tian Jin Hai Seafood International
  697. Tiger Airways
  698. Tigernix
  699. Tiro Consulting Services
  700. TJ Systems
  701. TKL Consulting
  702. TMX Show Productions
  703. TNT Express Asia
  704. TNT Singapore
  705. Toh Eng Hock Construction (TEHC)
  706. Toll (Asia)
  707. Top Advertising
  708. Tourism Management Institute of Singapore
  709. Toy Factory Productions
  710. TR Asia Holdings
  711. TR Formac
  712. Transview Holdings
  713. Travelex Group
  714. Trek 2000 International
  715. Trend Micro (Singapore)
  716. Tru-Marine
  717. Trust Associates
  718. T-Systems Singapore
  719. Tung Lok Restaurants (2000)
  720. Tunghua International Enterprises
  721. Turf City Management
  722. Tushiv International
  723. Two Best Automation & Computer
  724. U21 Global
  725. UAN World
  726. UBS AG
  727. Unidux Electronics
  728. Union Air Freight
  729. United Airlines
  730. United Industrial Corporation
  731. United Premas
  732. United Test and Assembly Center
  733. UOB Group
  734. UOB Travel Planners
  735. UOL Group
  736. UP BrandBuzz
  737. UP Media
  738. UPS Singapore
  739. V Ships (Asia Pacific)
  740. [email protected] Square
  741. Venture Consortium Holdings
  742. Veolia Water Southeast Asia
  743. Virtuoso Arts
  744. Visa International Asia Pacific
  745. Visual Studio Singapore
  746. Walt Disney Television International – Southeast Asia
  747. Wangi Industrial Co
  748. Wanin Industries
  749. Wealth Management Asia
  750. Wealth Management Resource Centre LLP
  751. Web Synergies (S)
  752. WEC Engineers & Constructors
  753. Wildlife Reserves Singapore – Jurong BirdPark, Night Safari and Singapore Zoo
  754. Wilmar International
  755. Wine Treasures
  756. Winson Press
  757. Wood Doctor (Far East)
  758. Work & Health Psychologists
  759. World Sport Group
  760. XchangeInfo Internet Company
  761. Xpress Holdings
  762. Yamaha Music (Asia)
  763. Yamakawa Trading
  764. YCH Group
  765. Yellow Pages (Singapore)
  766. YHS (Singapore)
  767. Yim Medical Centre
  768. YMCA of Singapore
  769. Young NTUC
  770. Youth Enterprise Academy
  771. Zen Property Management
  772. ZT Technologies

Flora Singapore

The goal of Flora Singapura is to bridge the gap between the terse technical descriptions of plants found in the various botanical text books and what we observe in the (Singapore) forests. I approach this by using photographs and commentary to illustrate and describe the identifying field characters of the trees and shrubs that from time to time command my attention. There are some 2000 species of native vascular plants in Singapore and so far I have only a modest number of species illustrated, I will add to the content as often as I can.

Be Creative – Plant Native

Lauraceae (Laurel) Family

The Laurels are a large family represented in Singapore by some 40 species in 12 Genus. Some areas of secondary forest in our Nature Reserves are dominated by Laurels.

Actinodaphne Genus
Trees of this genus have leaves arranged in whorls along the stem with long intervals between the leaf nodes.

Cinnamomum Genus

Cinnamon is a well known product from trees of thus genus and the trees are also used for ornamental purposes. In Singapore there are three native species one of them C. inners is considered very common, the other two species less so.

Dipterocarpaceae Family

Dipterocarpaceae is the defining family for our South East Asian Dipterocarp forests and the trees of this family are large, commercially valuable and dominate the forest as many are emergent species standing above the canopy of surrounding forest. The life and times of Dipertocarps also makes for an interesting story, from their method of fruiting to Seed dispersal and how they came to be distributed across Africa and Asian continents to the high level of diversification in South East Asia.
Dipterocarp seed dispersal involves a winged nut falling from the mother tree, with the only lateral movement made possible by whatever prevailing breeze is available beneath the canopy. At best these seeds will fall obliquely perhaps one or two crown widths during fruiting on a windy day.  It is also known that

the fruits of Dipterocarpaceae are generally intolerant of salt water and because of this, sea boundaries are a major obstacle to dispersal.  If you consider this mind numbingly slow linear rate of dispersal plus the time it takes for  a seedling to become a mature reproductive tree you may realize that there is no way this family could have the breadth of distribution it enjoys simply through terrestrial seed dispersal. Scientific studies have identified correlations between distribution and diversification of Dipterocarp species with tectonic plate movements and the currently accepted theory of distribution involves the family originating in Africa and deploying to South East Asia via these plate movements.

The family is considered to have its origins in Gondwanaland (the great southern continent) and crossed onto the Asian continent  during he Tertiary period. The animation shown on the left is one of many that are available from the United States Geological Survey that address the subject of historical plate movements.  This particular animation follows the African continent and the Indian sub-continent can be seen breaking away and moving north-east towards its current location.
More recently (in the past 11,000 years) and more locally, the Sumatra, Malay Peninsular and Borneo land masses were part of one single land mass with a major river valley separating east and west portions. It is apparent from the current distribution of Dipterocarps in the South East Asian region that extensive regional speciation occurred within this extensive system.
Interestingly South East Asia can be shown (see map below) to be the centre of diversification for Dipterocarpaceae and this is attributed to the favourable bio-geographical conditions that prevail here, e.g. the absence of annual drought resulting in high survival rates for seedlings, supra-annual flowering and mast fruiting which overwhelms the seed predators to the extent that there are sufficient remaining seeds after the predators have become fat to achieve a higher rate of successful germination compared to that which could be achieved if fruiting occurred independently.

Myrtaceae (Myrtle) Family

The Myrtle family is very well known for the  Eucalyptus (Gum Trees) and Melaleuca (Paper Bark) species of Australia, in Singapore the family is very nicely represented by the Syzygium genus which at last count includes some 50 native species, a number of which are cultivated as road-side trees.  This family also includes the ubiquitous Rhodamnia cinarea which is a very common species in secondary forest.

Syzygium Genus

Most of the Syzygium species were previously categorized under the Eugenia genus and as a result of this reorganization the species names have been changed slightly, for example Eugenia grandis is now known as Syzygium grande and Eugenia polyantha is now known as Syzygium polyanthum. The reason for these changes is that the gender of the latin names has been made consistent. Therefore when quoting botanical names for this genus, extra care must be exercised with respect to spelling, it is very easy to revert to the old Eugenia species names and mix them up with the Syzygium genus name. Anybody caught mixing up the old species names will be severely punished.
Myristicaceae family is represented in our Singapore forests by 5 genera: EndocomiaGymnacrantheraHorsfieldiaKnema
and Myristica representing some 31 species. The trees are monopodal particularly when young though some lose this trait as they mature, have alternate arranged leaves and pink or red exudate.
The fruits are generally round to egg shaped and members of this family are fairly easy to recognize when fruiting.  In the absence of fruits (or flowers), the monopodal stem with wagon wheel branching is the important visual clue to recognizing a nutmeg tree.
The fruits of Nutmegs can be fairly large and the dihescent capsules will usually open in the tree offering the brightly coloured arilate seeds as enticement to the birds. The primary seed dispersal agents are larger birds with robust beaks such as pigeons and Hornbills which are known as primary seed dispersers for the nutmeg family.
The near extinction of Hornbills in Singapore has been cause for concern for the Nutmegs, with seed dispersal being left up to the secondary dispersal agents – the rodents (squirrels and rats).
Most of the Nutmeg species illustrated here have been provisionally identified mainly from vegetative characters. As fertile specimens are encountered some alterations may be required.
Gymnacranthera Genus
The main identifying characters of this genus are secondary veins looped well clear of the margin and quite prominent on the underside of the leaf which is pale compared to top side. On the top side of the leaf, the midrib is sunken and this is a good distinguishing character for the genus.

Apocynaceae (Periwinkle) Family

The Apocynaceae family is characterized by having copious amounts of white latex in most parts of the plant, usually whorled leaves and twinned seedpods. The flowers are typically 5-petaled and propeller like with each petal overlapping one adjacent petal and itself being overlapped by the next adjacent petal. Once familiar with some of the common members of this family you would have difficulty moving about in Singapore and not recognizing them. As common as many of the species of this family are, some are critically endangered in Singapore due to their special habitat needs.

Forest Habitats

Despite being extensively developed there remains in Singapore small examples of most of the original forest habitats that covered the island up till the arrival of Sir Stamford Raffles. The small fragments of original forest may be found in the various Nature Reserves and Nature Parks of Singapore and include Primary Dipterocarp Forest, Secondary Forest, Fresh Water Swamp Forest, Coastal Forest and Mangrove Forest.

Tree Falls

The Central Catchment Nature Reserve consists of many fragmented sections of forest growing on peninsulars that extend into the water storage reservoirs making them vulnerable to strong gusts of wind generated during storm events. Almost every year some section of the forest is blown over due to strong wind gusts generated by Sumatran Squals or other more localized weather events.
The most recent tree fall occurred on 11 Feb 2011 in the vicinity of Mandai Rd (picture above). This particular tree fall attracted much public attention as it was the first to occur in a location that could be seen by the general public and was subsequently reported on in the local news papers.

In this case some 40 hectares of mature secondary forest was literally flattened by a local storm which passed over the Upper Seletar Reservoir. Much of the forest damage seems to have occurred around the water inlets and it seems likely that winds passing unrestricted over the reservoir surface were funneled into these inlets and accelerated as the inlets narrowed.

Similar patterns of wind damaged forest concentrated about reservoir inlets were observed after a line of Sumatran Squals  passed over Singapore in early  September 2010. This tree fall was less extensive and occurred in secondary forest adjoining the Upper Peirce Reservoir in the vicinity of Chestnut Avenue.
It is expected surviving saplings, dormant seed stock and opportunistic pioneer species will soon naturally regenerate these tree-fall areas.

Botanical Recipes

I always find traditional uses for plants an interesting subject. There are books that cover this subject and sometimes I find it amusing that the Chinese will use a plant for one thing, while the Malays will use it for something completely different.   My own experience with traditional uses of local forest product is a bit closer to home, my cooking pot actually. In this section I will document various recipes that involve the local flora. All the botanical materials used in these recipes have either been “borrowed” from road side trees or acquired at local markets and never taken from Nature Reserves.
omigo-Singapore online shopping

Excessive Guide to Online Shopping & Deals

Have you ever done any shopping online? Online shopping is fast gaining popularity recently, and many firms are jumping onto the bandwagon to take advantage of the increased consumer interest in online shopping. The ease of use, great variety of goods and services, and the speed and convenience of online shopping as opposed to traditional [...]
buyan cafe restaurant singapore

Buyan Cafe & Restaurant Singapore Review

Buyan, a russian restaurant and caviar bar (located at 9/10 Duxton Hill, Singapore 089593. Tel: 62237008) recently launched a wine club within its premises. This new club is named Vinolyub.
I attended the launch on the evening of 13 mar. Impressively done I must add 🙂 Suffice to say it was well attended by guests and those in the local wine industry. The event provided a good opportunity to catch up with old friends, meet new ones and have a look at Buyan’s setup.
Indra Kumar (a certified sommelier and certified specialist of wine) takes care of wine concerns in this establishment, and there’s an impressive collection for him to take care of I have to add. The food section is helmed by chef Sasha Kutuzova who pleasantly teased our taste buds for the evening.

Both showed their mettle during the launch by charming guests with a good selection of wines and food dishes. An efficient team of support staff ensured the smooth running of this event. It was an evening with lots of energy, happy folks, smiling faces and warm company. I have to compliment the team for hosting a great evening.

Game for Russian Fare?” my epicurean-friend approached me. “Why not?” I replied her spontaneously. And Buyan, here we come:

Perched on 9/10 Duxton Hill, Singapore; two quaint colonial-era shophouses integrated into one beautiful Buyan, a Russian-owned restaurant where you can experience 4 intriguing dining concepts.

Vodka and Caviar Bar (Ground Floor)

A bar counter serving over 50 variants of Vodka, Russian Beer, Russian Champagne and more. Not forgetting, Caviar, a delicacy of Russian Cuisine which is not to be missed out either. A small section here is reserved for casual dining.

Private Dining Room (Ground Floor)

A 20-seater across a 7.5m long Chef’s Table is open for private booking. This exclusive room is also the only section overlooking the main kitchen where you can watch the chefs perform their culinary stunners. Also storage to the world’s oldest champagne, 1841 Veuve Clicquot which costs €30,000 and an impressive few-million-worth of wine collection that will make any wine connoisseur lust after: 1821 Chateau-Chalon Vin Jaune, 1854 Chateau Lafite Rothschild, 1859 Chateau Mouton Rothschild, 1877 Chateau Margaux, 1907 Heidsieck & Co, to name a few.

Extensive bottle display of Armagnac produced in consecutive years.

Fine Dining (2nd Floor)

Frescoes adorn the walls to ceilings mythically, giving me the vibe of Buyan, which is named after a mysterious island in Russian folklore that has the magical powers of appearing and disappearing in the ocean.

Casual Dining (3rd Floor)

The design concept behind is set to emulate a Russian Monastery’s canteen which explains the bench-like chairs, candelabras, oil paintings & pseudo stained-glass windows.

My Casual Dining Experience at the Bar

Seated not long, my epicurean-friend pointed out the top right-side of my robust, woody chair. A good idea for patrons to hang their pocketbooks! We are given iPad menus to look at the ‘actual dishes’, with short descriptions for some. So far, as to my knowledge, Buyan is the first and only restaurant in Singapore to serve iPad menus. I applaud their hi-tech move in the local dining scene.

Cutlery is uniquely designed; I simply love their curvy forms!

Even the toilet’s tap is specially retrofitted to give you the mythical vibe.

Waitstaff are attentive and caring. During my course of dining, I saw the bartender helping a lady-diner who is feeling cold to put on a Russian shawl.

Our Russian Gastronomy:

Mors – A traditional Russian thirst-quencher made from a wholesome bunch of smashed and strained berries: cloudberry, cranberry & lingonberry. Refreshing and ‘berrylicious!’

My epicurean-friend pops open a bottle of Abrau Durso Champagneand offers me a few glasses. A remarkable, well-flavored Russian sparkling wine that ends with a sprightly, fruity note.

Caviar Platter – Renowned as ‘Treasures of the Black Sea’; only a mother-of-pearl spoon is fitted to scoop these tiny black gems onto the Blinis, thin pancakes (crepe-like) to avoid tainting the natural flavor. The caviar on its own tastes piscine. But when you spread some onto a blini, sprinkle a bit of finely-chopped onions, chives, scrambled eggs, drizzle atop their sour-cream relish and start rolling like a cigar, you will find your palate on its way to caviar’s premium taste!

Borscht – A beetroot & cabbage soup with complements of Beef Strips; a good symphony of sweet and tart flavors contained in a velvety-smooth texture. Taste so moreish, that I wish my bowl is ‘The Magic Porridge Pot’.

Pelmeni – Dough pockets that resemble Chinese Dumplings, stuffed with minced beef and pork filling. Dough texture is on the thicker side and as I bite a mouthful, an undesirable unctuous gravy squirts out. I must say they are chewy and delectable though; however only if you are not health-conscious.

Beef Stroganoff – Sous vide (Slowed-cooked) tenderloin served with Isigny cream sauce and sautéed Chanterelle mushroom. The beef is succulent and the sauce taste more like Carbonara pasta sauce to me. The only problem I have or should I say ‘we have’ is, this dish tends to be too generous with the salty-flavor. The saltiness overpowers the beauty of this creation.

Chicken Kiev – Chicken breast pounded, breaded and fried. Mushroom sauce drizzled over it and comes with some sautéed potatoes & broccoli; a dish that has to be savored on the spot while it is crisp and blistering-hot.

Perhaps, both of us are too ambitious to drink and eat heartily at the same time. I have too much of a drink or drinks (Mors & Champagne), thus unable to enjoy better the latter courses. I will bring more epicureans my next round for better order-strategy.

Baked Apple – This lovely Afters comes at the right moment; a breaded green apple baked and drizzled with berry compote. Crisp and tartly-appetizing to conclude our Russian Fare for the evening!

In my humble opinion, Buyan truly deserves your patronage, especially if you aspire to be a gastronome!

siongapore company of cats

Company of cats Cafe & Restaurant

Animal Human Alliance Pet Services (AHA) (and their adorable resident cat Ken Ken!) is our official pet food consultant.  We work closely with them to create a nutritious and balanced diet for our cats.  They are a pet shop that sells pet products only and not live animals, which is something The Company of Cats fully supports as we advocate for adoption and not buying of animals. AHA is a pet business with a heart, as the owner Chan devotes himself to encouraging and sponsoring monasteries to adopt stray animals.

Animal Lovers League (ALL) is a non-profit organisation giving lodging, food, love and care to the many forsaken dogs and cats. Through the efforts of volunteers, countless cats and dogs have moved on from their undesirable past and found loving forever homes.  We deeply respect the great work that ALL does for the animal welfare scene in Singapore, and have committed to donating part of the proceeds from our entrance fees to ALL, as well as to work with them to run events & programmes on our premises to benefit the cause.

Just Anthony carries the widest range of fine Chinese antique furniture in Singapore.  We – and our cats – love our Just Anthony antique bamboo bench, as a nostalgic nod to the roots of our beautiful Chinese heritage shophouse.

The Company of Cats started out as a clubhouse for a bunch of feline pals to gather, do a little yoga, get high on catnip and bask in sunbeams. The furries have since gathered a few full-time servants who will be happy to settle you in, so come by, kick off your shoes and curl up with a cuppa and a kitty on your lap. There are books to read, delicious food to nosh on and of course, friendly felines that would love to rub faces with you.

Everything’s better in The Company of Cats.

Cakes, Hot Pocket Toasties, Desserts and Snacks

Cover Charge


$14 for first hour

$5 per subsequent 1/2hr




We would like all our visitors to have the best experience at our little cat café.

Help us ensure the happiness and safety of our cats and of yourselves

by observing these rules:

No rough handling
Please do not carry the cats
Do not wake a sleeping cat
No flash photography
Please do not feed the cats any human food or drinks
Please do not shout or run around loudly

If they get on your lap themselves, that’s OK!

Taking photos is OK!

Children must be at least 7 years old and supervised by an adult at all times.
Please do not bring your own pets.

Tickets Online Singapore

How do I purchase tickets online?

For single event / performance selection
1. Click on the Buy Tickets icon located next to the featured event. It will take you straight to the selected event’s booking page.
2. Select the Price Category that you wish to purchase and indicate the number of seats required. Click CONTINUE. Please note that if online discounts are available, it will be reflected on the following page.
3. If you are eligible for any of the discounts offered, select the option accordingly. Please note that terms and conditions apply.
4. Click CONTINUE. The system will now offer you the best available seats at the point of booking. You may make reference to the static Seat Map that may be available at the event page.
5. Do note that for online bookings, a Mailing Fee/Collection at Venue of S$1.00 per transaction applies (maximum 10 tickets per transaction).
6. If you are happy with the seats and the amount payable is in order, click CONTINUE.
7. Enter all your personal details accordingly.
8. Once the transaction is completed, you will receive an email confirming your purchase. If you do not receive the email confirmation within 24 hours of your purchase.
9. Tickets may either be mailed to the address you have entered, or collected at the venue on the day of the event.

For multiple events / performances selection
1. After selecting your first event / performance, the system will display the details of the seats offered by the system.
2. At the bottom of the page, you have the option to ADD ANOTHER EVENT to your purchase list. Click on that if you wish to make another event / performance selection.
3. Repeat steps 1 & 2 until you have completed your list of event / performance selection.
4. Check through all the seats offered and the amount payable. If all is in order, click CONTINUE to proceed with your bookings.
5. Enter your personal details accordingly.
6. Once the transaction is completed, you will receive an email confirming your purchase. If you do not receive the email confirmation within 24 hours of your purchase, please call our Hotline: 6296 2929 to check on status of your purchase.
7. Tickets ay either be mailed to the address you have entered, or collected at the venue on the day of the event.

Important Notes:

* As there is a time limit of 10 minutes per transaction, you are advised to have your choice of event / performances ready.
* Please be informed that once you exit the Booking Page, your transaction is cancelled.
* For assistance, please call our Hotline: 6296 2929.

Can I choose my seats?

Our computerised ticketing system allocates the best available seats for all customers at the point of transaction. To minimise the duration of your online booking process and to maximise seat allocations, you are not allowed to choose your seats.

How long do I have to wait to receive my tickets by mail?

For delivery within Singapore, please allow at least 5 working days for our processing and delivery by Singapore Post.

Can I choose to collect my tickets at the venue?

Yes, you can also choose to collect your tickets at the venue within 1 hour prior to show time, i.e. if the show time is 8pm, you can collect your tickets anytime between 7pm and 8pm. (Available only for orders received within 24 hours before the day of the show).

When will my credit card be charged?

Your credit card will be charged once your booking is confirmed.

If I do not have a credit or charge card, can I still book tickets online?

Currently, we only accept major credit cards (i.e. Visa & Mastercard) for Internet, phone, and fax bookings. If you wish to pay by cash or NETS, please visit our any of our authorised outlets.

If I change my mind about the tickets I booked, can I get a refund?

Once the booking is processed, no refunds will be made unless the show is cancelled. You may consider giving the ticket away or selling it away through your own means.

I cannot make it for the show. Can I change the performance date and time?

Complete with your booking ID, full name, the date and time of your tickets, as well as the reason for your exchange. We will submit your request to the show promoter for their consideration. Only with the show promoter’s consent will Tickets.com grant you the exchange. If your tickets have already been processed and sent to you, you must return the original tickets to Tickets.com, and each new ticket will be issued to you at S$1.00 per ticket. If tickets have not been processed, amendments will be made accordingly. Please note that a downgrade in seat category is not allowed.

What happens if I’d misplaced my tickets?

Tickets may be replaced at S$1.00 per ticket. Mailing charges apply if tickets are to be mailed out to you again.

Bellydance Experts Singapore Dance Academy

If you want to see the fine art of belly dance performed with fiery, sensual, passionate temperament and a grand dose of youthful originality or you wish you could learn from one of the most highly respected and mentioned names in the belly dance industry then contact Princess Jasmina. She is one of Singapore’s exceptionally skilled performers and most talented belly dance teachers.

We bring Belly Dance to another level

Princess Jasmina is one of the hottest belly dancers at present in Singapore. Based in Singapore, she performs her lively and alluring belly dance routines at many of Singapore’s most well known and prestigious venues, night clubs and Middle Eastern restaurants. She is also in high demand for many other events and occasions including festivals, corporate functions, parties, birthdays, engagements, weddings, and more! So add some spice to your next special occasion!

If you want to learn to belly dance like a true Goddess of this highly revered ancient art form then Princess Jasmina can help guide and develop your very own style and originality by aiding you to first master traditional techniques of varied belly dance styles and then encouraging you to merge them with your own personal improvisations. She offers a range of tuition options depending on your needs. You can learn to belly dance in One-to-One Private Lessons, in Open Group Tuition, or as part of a Private Group with you and your friends.

Princess Jasmine’s commanding presence and beauty, her coloured and ornate originally-styled costumes together with her electrifying dance displays, continue to rock and shock audiences from all walks of nationalities and cultures, leaving them clamoring for more. She is excitingly youthful, respectfully innovative, and sizzles with immeasurable passion. To book her to perform at your next function, or gain from her the knowledge and wisdom to learn to belly dance like a Goddess, give her a call today!

Belly dance Core Conditioning

Belly dance Core Conditioning will enhance strong core muscles which is important for good posture, a healthy back, and the feminine hourglass shape.

Belly dance Fitness for Beginners:

Basic Moves/Fat Basic Moves – This easy-to-learn program will thoroughly exercise your body while teaching you the basic moves needed to use belly dance for fitness. It’s low-impact, relaxing, sensually stimulating and also fun!

anything Singapore

Anything & Whatever – Singapore’s Anonymous Drink

Taking Singapore economy to another level, Singapore beverage company Out of the Box launched to Singapore consumers who respond to “What would you like to drink?” with a non-committal “anything” or “whatever”. Out of the Box launched two complementary brands: Anything and Whatever. Anything is fizzy and comes in six flavours (Cola with Lemon, Apple, Fizz Up, Cloudy Lemon and Root Beer) and Whatever is non-carbonated (Ice Lemon Tea, Peach Tea, Jasmine Green Tea, White Grape Tea, Apple Tea, Chrysanthemum Tea).

whatever Singapore

Besides the taste of the soft drink, this drink gives you something totally different. When you do not have the ability to differentiate each drink from the other, it creates excitement. After all, all the can looks the same from the outside. What you might not know is that there are 6 different flavours and you probably won’t know which one you will get.

What do you know?

There are some form of information though. The drinks are divided into carbonated and non-carbonated drinks.

  • Carbonated drinks – can be cola drinks, cola with lemon, fizz up, root beer, lemon or cloudy lemon
  • Non-carbonated drinks – the non-gassy ones like jasmine green tea, apple tea, peach tea, ice lemon tea or chrysanthemum tea.

Make the educated guess

Besides that, there is information like ingredients specification on the outside of the can and that is as much as you get. As every beverage has a generic design, you can only make the educated guess from whatever information you have. If you are a seasoned drinker, then it might work for you. Otherwise, take a chance and see what you get.

Such a campaign then creates a sense of intrigue for the customer, a type of experience that might connect you better and more impactful with your target audience.